I would like to thank Peter Hobbins, Medical Writer and Medical Historian for providing this brief history of the family of Charles Halliley Kellaway.

Charles Kellaway had a distigushed career in medical research both in Australia and in England.

Peter Hobbins is currently preparing a biography of Charles H. Kellaway.

Charles H Kellaway
© Mike Kellaway
By kind permission

Charles Kellaway – potted history of the family.


Alfred Charles Kellaway (23 September 1856 – 21 January 1930) was born in Swanage, Dorset. In 1863 he travelled with his mother Jane to Australia, where they joined his father Amos on his farm at Tally Ho in Victoria. Alfred first became a state school teacher and then earned an honours degree in history at Melbourne University. Entering the Anglican church in 1886, he served first as curate to the Dean of St James Old Cathedral in Melbourne. Alfred then served served many parishes in rural Victoria – particularly around Lara and Geelong – before returning to Melbourne at the start of the new century. From 1901 until 1930 he was vicar of All Saints′ Church in the suburb of Northcote, preaching actively until the final months of his life.

Annie Carrick Roberts (October 1854 – 20 January 1924) was also highly religious. She was born in Longford, Tasmania to a professional family; Annie′s own mother was keen to retain her maiden name of Halliley in the family and it was passed on to several descendants. Annie was trained in Christian work under Henry Langley – later to become Bishop of Bendigo – and remained a stalwart teacher at All Saints′ Church until her final illness. Memorial Tablet to Annie Carrick Kellaway in All Saints′ Church


Gwendoline Jane – ‘Gwen’ – Kellaway (19 August 1887–1972) was born in Melbourne and attended Melbourne University, where she earned an honours degree in classics. Adopting her father′s evangelical zeal, she worked as a missionary in India from 1912 until 1947, including a period as principal of Tivalu Women′s College in Tiruvella, Travancore. Throughout her entire posting Gwen′s mission work was supported by her father′s parish at All Saints′ Church, Northcote. After World War II she retired to Upwey, an outer suburb of Melbourne.

Charles Halliley Kellaway (16 January 1889 – 13 December 1952) was also born in Melbourne and completed the most outstanding degree in medicine to date at Melbourne University. After earning the Military Cross as a medical officer with the Australian Army Medical Corps during World War I, Charles turned to a career in medical research. He made his name largely for research on snake venoms, and was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1940. From 1923 until 1944 Charles was director of Melbourne′s Walter and Eliza Hall Institute, raising it to world stature, before accepting a post as Director of the international Wellcome Research Laboratories in London, where he died. He married Eileen Ethel Scantlebury on 12 December 1919 and they had three sons; Eileen remarried to Hugh Lester on 21 January 1954, but later returned to Australia where she died in Mount Eliza, Victoria on 14 August 1982.

Annie Kathleen – ‘Kitty’ – Kellaway (1 August 1890 – 1951) was also born in Melbourne and attended the university, graduating with an honours degree in philosophy. She then worked as a teacher of English literature at Presbyterian Ladies College in Melbourne until she married Reverend William Hewlett in 1935; it is believed that she had no children.

Frank Gerald Kellaway (7 January 1895 – 4 October 1917) was born in Melbourne and was studying law at Melbourne University when he enlisted in the Australian Imperial Force soon after the Gallipoli landings in 1915. He served in Egypt, Gallipoli, France and Belgium, receiving a serious gunshot wound to his left arm at Pozieres in 1916, during which action he earned the Military Cross. Promoted through the ranks from Private to Lieutenant, Frank was killed in action near Passchendaele but his remains were never found.

John Carrick – Jack – Kellaway (10 February 1897 – 1970) was born in Geelong. The only one of the Kellaway children not to attend university, he apparently enlisted in the army after considerable pressure in late 1916 but no record of his service has been found. While working in an office as a young adult, Jack was convicted of embezzlement and remained something of a ‘black sheep’ within the family thereafter. During the 1930s he was an insurance inspector, then served as a Major in the Australian army during and for many years after World War II. Although initially married to Patricia Lillian Rees in the 1930, Jack was a widower when he married his second wife, Annie Hazel Illingworth, in 1941.


Frank Gerald Kellaway (born at Hampstead, London on 19 April 1922) served during World War 2 as a sub–Lieutenant in the Royal Australian Navy prior to embarking on a career as an author of plays, poetry and novels. He worked for many years as a teacher of adult education and lives in Melbourne. Frank married Marianne Elizabeth Maxwell on 28 March 1944 but was later divorced; he married Carlotta in the early 1950s and the couple had two children, Dan and Maria, prior to the dissolution of their union in the early 1960s.

Charles William – ‘Will’ – Kellaway (born in Melbourne on 9 March 1926) moved to the UK with his family in 1945 and served for a time in the Royal Marines before embarking on a career as a librarian. He married Deborah Violet Newton – later a noted gardening writer – and continues to live in London. The couple had three children, Kate, Lucy and Roland.

Michael Hugh – ‘Mike’ – Kellaway (born in Melbourne on 20 June 1929) also moved to the UK with his family and initially read science at Cambridge University before turning to sculpture. He lives in London with his wife Elizabeth and they have at least one child.

Peter Hobbins 2009

An Article on the Medical Reseach Career of Charles Halliley Kellaway was published in the Medical Journal of Australia and it can be found HERE

The WW1 Military service records for Charles Halliley and his brother Frank Gerald Kellaway are available online from the National Archives of Australia at – go to ‘Collection’ and then ‘Record Search’.

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Charles Halliley Kellaway History
Last updated October 2010
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